ELEGOO Neptune 4 Max: A True Giant for XXL 3D Prints at high speed

The ELEGOO Neptune 4 Max is the largest 3D printer that I reviewed. With a massive 420*420*480mm build volume, you can print big models at once without the need to glue multiple parts together. The Klipper firmware will also be a first for me. Klipper is an advanced open-source 3D printer software developed by KevinOConnor that allows you to print faster and more accurately than Merlin or others.

I’m not a 3D printer expert like Uncle Jessy, so this review is written more from the perspective of a standard user who regularly prints all kinds of things needed around the house. I mainly use PLA and TPU filaments, but some functional parts require stronger CF filaments with a higher melting point. Most entry-level 3D machines reach 260° Celsius, which is insufficient for industrial-grade materials. The Neptune 4 Max’s hot-end has a 60-watt heating element with a brass heating block to allow up to 300 °C nozzle temperature.

Nozzle closeup

Last year, I tested two models of the Neptune 3 series, which also had three build volume options. In addition to the higher nozzle temperature and faster printing speed, the operation system is the most significant difference between the Neptune 4 and 3 series. The N3 runs on Merlin, and the N4 runs on Klipper. Due to the advanced cooling system installed behind the print head, the build volume of the Neptune 4 series is slightly smaller than its predecessors – the Z-axis is shorter by 1.5-2cm.

Neptune 4 Max 3D printer review

I received the Neptune 4 Max last week. Elegoo additionally included a 1 kg spool of PLA test filament. I received a sample unit from the first batch that arrived in Europe, so I cannot guarantee that you will get a product that performs the same as in my article.

Thick foam padding for extra protection

When I saw the huge box (79x69x27 cm), I realized it was not an office desk printer. It’s a huge and heavy machine. The cardboard packaging crumpled quite badly during the transport, but luckily, thanks to the thick foam padding, the printer remained intact inside. When I confirmed the package had arrived, they sent me the latest firmware files and instructions on upgrading the machine.

Included tools and accesories

Elegoo is focused on providing easy-to-use printers out of the box, including all the necessary accessories and tools to be up and run in just one hour from unboxing. In addition to the labeled screw bags and IKEA-style printed step-by-step assembly instructions, ELEGOO provides a video guide on the USB stick.

Front and side view

The machine consists of two main parts (base unit and Z-axis gantry) that you must assemble using the included screws and tools. Two extra aluminum tie rods are on the back for the Z-axis gantry, which makes the structure more solid. The print head, cooling unit, and spool holder also need to be installed by the user. All the connectors and sockets are labeled for easy wiring. In front, there is a small drawer to store maintenance tools and spare nozzles.

Moving parts: Lead Screw, Belts, and Rollers

Huge size. Not an office desk 3D printer

The photo below shows the significant size difference between the Neptune 3 Pro and the Neptune 4 Max. You will need about 100x90x75cm (HxDxW) space to operate this machine comfortably. The 3D printer itself measures roughly 658x632x740mm and weighs more than 18kg.

Neptune 4 Max vs Neptune 3 Pro size comparison

In addition to the top LED bar that illuminates the entire print area, it has an additional LED on the print head that directly illuminates the nozzle that would normally be in shadow.

Platform and nozzle LEDs

Filament run-out sensor and power-loss recovery for huge prints

A filament run-out sensor is included in the box and needs to be installed on the top between the filament spool and the print head. This feature is a must-have for large-scale 3D printers, where you often need to use more than one 1kg spool to finish the project. For example, a Mandalorian Helmet with supports requires 1450 grams of material and close to two days to print. The Neptune 4 Max also features power-loss recovery, which means it will continue the print job after power is recovered.

Inside view of the printhead
The printhead with removed cover

Neptune 4 Max: Print head

The print head on the Neptune 4 Max consists of a proximity dual-gear direct driver extruder, a 60-watt heating element with a brass heating block, three cooling fans, a 0.4mm nozzle, and an auxiliary LED light. To handle up to 300 °C temperatures, it uses an all-titanium alloy throat pipe.

The print head attaches to the Z-axis using three screws from the back and two from the front.

Printhead cage on Z-axis

When I loaded my filament for the first time, and it started to purge, a different color material came out, proving that Eleggo tested the unit before shipping it out.

Neptune 4 Max vs Neptune 3 Pro PEI size
235x235mm vs 420x400mm PEI sheet size comparison

Neptune 4 Max: Heated print bed with PEI sheet and 121 points ABL

It takes a few good minutes till the bed reaches 60 °C, which is required by PLA and other types of filaments. While I was waiting for the printing to start, because of the loud noise of the fans, I had the feeling that I was sitting in a plane with all the turbines on, waiting to take off :).

One of the six leveling knobs
Leveling knob and tensioning spring

The heated platform measures 420x420cm (usable area) and has a 320W heating element and six leveling knobs underneath. The PEI sheet is similar to the ones used across the Neptune 3 and Neptune 4 series. Most filaments stick to it well, and removing the model is easy; you need to bend it a bit, and it will pop off.

In addition to manual bed leveling, the Elegoo N4 Max features 11×11 automatic bed leveling (ABL). To check and compensate for the flatness of the platform in all 121 points takes a few minutes. Note: DO NOT run ABL without the PEI sheet!

Neptune 4 Max: Is that fast?

Yes! When you put it to work, even with closed eyes, you know this printer is much faster than most hobbyist machines. It makes a noise like a hardworking bee on steroids :). The auxiliary cooling unit also adds additional noise to the system, making it very loud.

By default, the printing speed of the Neptune 4 Max is set to 250mm/s, but according to Elegoo, it can go up to 500mm/s. By comparison, my existing printer’s speed can be adjusted between 50 and 180mm/s. From the N4 Max’s control panel, you can toggle between three working modes (Silent, Normal, and Sport) and adjust print speed within 0-500%.

Print speed adjustment
Print speed adjustment in UI and Cura

I did a few tests at various speeds. I noticed that increasing from 125mm/s to 250mm/s does not reduce the job time by half as you would expect. The same happened when I increased the speed from 250mm/s. The overall run time becomes shorter but not twice as fast. Instead, I noticed visible quality degradation at higher speeds -of course, this may vary according to the complexity (geometry) of the printed model. To work on 250-500mm/s also requires more accurate mechanical adjustments (leveling and belt tensioning).

Layer shifting example
Layer shifting example at high speed

During my tests, I noticed that at high speeds, it is prone to layer shifting. In my opinion, max speed is great for prototyping, but not if you favor quality.

Another thing no one talks about when printing at top speed is that moving parts such as belts, bearings, rails, and rollers will wear out much faster than doing it at normal speed.

LAN port and WIFI antenna
Wifi antenna and LAN port

Neptune 4 Max: Connectivity and file transfer options

Elegoo’s latest large-scale 3D printer also excels in terms of connectivity. On the right side is an RJ45 connector for wired connectivity and a tiny rubber ducky antenna for the wireless WIFI controller. The print files can be loaded into the machine via a USB port from a memory stick or remotely via a web browser. The web interface can be accessed through the IP address assigned by your home router. Besides gcode file upload, the online UI provides remote control over the machine, allowing to adjust parameters such as:

  • Movement Control: control the movement of each axis and can set compensation after leveling
  • Fan and Output: control to turn on the printhead fan and lighting
  • Printer Limit: the maximum acceleration control of the printer
  • Temperature Display: display the machine temperature heating condition, and the preheating printhead temperature and hot bed temperature can be set in advance.

The Neptune 4MAX also has a Type-C port to connect it directly to your computer using a USB cable.

Pricing, availability, and options

Starting in September 2023, the Neptune 4 Max can be ordered from Elegoo’s official store for $470 or from their Amazon store. For faster order processing, they have six regional warehouses (US, CA, AU, JP, UK, and EU). According to your location, due to the limited stocks and high demand, the package will be shipped out in November or December. The N4 Max is also available in combo packs with included 1KG or 2KG filament.

Elegoo Neptune 4 Max: Who’s for?

If you want to print large objects such as wearable cosplay masks or decoration items, the Neptune 4 Max is the best bang for your buck 3D printer, around $500. It is also great for those who want to print multiple items simultaneously. By comparison, you can print at least 100 little buddhas simultaneously on the N4P (40x40cm) or 32 ones on a standard 23x23cm machine like the N3Pro. The beauty is that, due to the higher printing speed, the 100 prints will be done at the same time as using two or three 50-100mm/s machines.

Control panel of N4 Max

I will not lie that the Neptune 4 Max is for everyone. The large build volume comes with its problems. First, you will need a dedicated room for this printer and a technical rack for installation. Regular office desks that do not have de necessary size. Installing it in a living space is not an option due to the noise this machine makes on high-speed printing. The big 40x40cm heated bed requires more energy and time to heat up to the desired temperature than regular 23x23cm platforms. During summer, in small spaces, the 320W heating element will raise the room temperature, requiring additional cooling.

Fancier features

  • [Powerful Klipper-enabled hardware for light-speed printing] The versatile 1.5 GHz ARM 64-bit quad-core processor enables impressive printing speeds of up to 500mm/s (default 250mm/s) and up to 8000mm/s2 accelerations, supporting advanced features such as input shaping and pressure advancing. Acceleration sensors on the X and Y axes to maintain print quality by automatic calibration.
  • [Up to 300 °C for high-temperature materials] The hotend has a 60-watt heating element with a brass heating block to allow up to 300 °C nozzle temperature. It has automatic calibration of the nozzle PID parameters for precise and constant temperature control. It uses an all-titanium alloy throat pipe to handle the high temps.
  • [Spacious build volume] The impressive build volume of 420 x 420 x 480 mm opens new possibilities for creating unique objects in previously unattainable dimensions. Whether you want to print a large model or batch production of smaller items, the N4 Max has enough space for your work.
  • [Auto Bed Leveling + Auxiliary Leveling] With 121 (11×11) points auto bed leveling, you can achieve consistent and reliable prints every time without the need for manual bed leveling. Additionally, the auxiliary leveling by hand-twist knobs allows for further fine-tuning of the print bed’s level for improved print quality.
Clean cable management
Cable organizer and Z-axis shaft

Build Tips

I assembled it by myself, but at some stages, two extra hands would have been helpful, considering the size and weight of the equipment. I also made some rookie mistakes despite that is not the first 3D printer I put together.

Bild tips

  • Before assembling, watch the build tutorial video included on the USB stick.
  • Install the printhead only after the Z-axis gantry is attached to the base unit. I found
  • Don’t over-tighten the screws from the beginning.
  • Check that the cables are not caught under the screws or in the way of the moving parts.
  • Calibrate the print platform manually before auxiliary ABL.
  • Don’t panic if your first print fails. Check all the screws, belt tension, and roller wheels again, then repeat the leveling process.

How to upgrade the firmware on the Neptune 4 Max?

Being a new model, firmware upgrade files are not available yet on the Elegoo download section, but you can request them directly from the manufacturer. Mine arrived with firmware V1.2.2.26, and I updated it to V1.2.2.34 that premise to fix some known issues. After upgrading the firmware, the WIFI stopped working, generating new problems, too.

Upgrading the N4Max consists of two phases; first, you need to update the firmware of the machine and then the software of the LCD control panel.

Firmware upgrade details
Old and latest firmware version details
  1. Main Control Firmware and Machine Configuration Files:
    • Copy the “ELEGOO_UPDATE_DIR” folder into the root of a USB stick
    • Insert the stick into the Neptune 3 Max’s USB port
    • GO to the settings menu and select the “Information” (About machine) tab
    • Click the upgrade button arrow and confirm the firmware update; after finishing, the system will reload
  2. Touch Screen Firmware Update
    • Copy the “UI_4&4Pro-Universal” *.tft firmware file on a micro SD card (prior format it FAT32)
    • Power off the 3D printer
    • Remove the back cover of the LCD control unit and load the micro SD into the TF slot.
    • Power on the 3D printer, the screen will show a status bar of the upgrade process.
    • When finished, restart the machine.

Technical specifications

Printing technologyFused deposition modeling (FDM)
File transferWIFI/WLAN/USB transfer
Print Volume420x420x480mm³
Max printing speed500 mm/s
ExtruderDual-gear direct extruder
Max nozzle temperature300℃
Throat pipeAll-titanium alloy
Hotbed320W, 85℃
Auto bed leveling11×11 (121 points ABL)
IlluminationZ-axis: light bar with 30 beads
Nozzle LED light: Yes